Morocco At a Glance

QUICK FACTS

  • Official name: Morocco (Kingdom of Morocco)
  • Capital: Rabat
  • Government type: Parliamentary constitutional monarchy
  • Head of state: King Mohammed VI (since 30 July 1999)
  • Head of government: Prime Minister Saad-Eddine al-Othmani (since 17 March 2017)
  • Land mass: 446,300 km²
  • Sea and water: 250 km²
  • Currency: Moroccan dirhams (MAD)
  • Major cities: Casablanca, Rabat (capital), Fes, Tangier, Marrakech, Agadir 
  • Languages: Arabic (official), Berber languages (Tamazight (official), Tachelhit, Tarifit), French (often the language of business, government and diplomacy)
  • Time zone: UTC 0
  • Telephone code: +212
  • National holidays: Throne Day (accession of King MOHAMMED VI to the throne), 30 July (1999)

GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION

  • Neighboring countries: Algeria 1900 km, Western Sahara 444 km, Spain (Ceuta) 8 km, Spain (Melilla) 10.5 km (Note: an additional 75-meter border segment exists between Morocco and the Spanish exclave of Penon de Velez de la Gomera)
  • Strategic location: Along Strait of Gibraltar; the only African nation to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines

POPULATION

  • Population: 34,314,130 (July 2018 est.)
  • Labor force: 12 million (2017 est.)
  • Ethnic groups: Arab-Berber 99%, other 1%
  • Religions: Muslim 99% (official; virtually all Sunni, <0.1% Shia), other 1% (includes Christian, Jewish, and Baha’i); note – Jewish about 6,000 (2010 est.)
  • Population distribution: The highest population density is found along the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts; a number of densely populated agglomerations are found scattered through the Atlas Mountains
  • Population growth rate: 0.95% (2018 est.)
  • Urban population: 62.5% of total population (2018)

ECONOMY

  • GDP: $298.6 billion (2017 est.)
  • GDP per capital: $8,600 (2017 est.)
  • GDP growth: 4.1% (2017 est.)

FOREIGN TRADE

  • Total volume of exports: $21.48 billion (2017 est.)
  • Export partners: Spain 23.2%, France 22.6%, Italy 4.5%, US 4.2% (2017)
  • Main export products: Clothing and textiles, automobiles, electric components, inorganic chemicals, transistors, crude minerals, fertilizers (including phosphates), petroleum products, citrus fruits, vegetables, fish
  • Total volume of imports: $39.64 billion (2017 est.)
  • Import partners: Spain 16.7%, France 12.2%, China 9.2%, US 6.9%, Germany 6%, Italy 5.9%, Turkey 4.5% (2017)
  • Main import products: Crude petroleum, textile fabric, telecommunications equipment, wheat, gas and electricity, transistors, plastics

COMMUNICATION

  • Total telephone subscriptions (fixed lines): 2,046,390 (2017 est.)
  • Total mobile line subscriptions: 43,916,066 (2017 est.)
  • Internet country code: .ma
  • Total internet users: 19,611,643 (July 2016 est.)

TRANSPORTATION

  • Number of airports: 55 
  • Number of registered air carriers: 4 (2015)
  • Pipelines: 944 km gas, 270 km oil, 175 km refined products (2013)
  • Total railways: 2,067 km (2014)
  • Major seaports: Casablanca, Jorf Lasfar, Mohammedia, Safi, Tangier

GLOBAL PARTICIPATIONS

ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, AMU, CAEU, CD, EBRD, FAO, G-11, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAS, MIGA, MONUSCO, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC, OIF, OPCW, OSCE (partner), Pacific Alliance (observer), Paris Club (associate), PCA, SICA (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNOCI, UNSC (temporary), UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO