Tunisia At a Glance

QUICK FACTS

  • Official name: Republic of Tunisia
  • Capital: Tunis
  • Government type: Parliamentary Republic
  • Head of state: President Beji CAID ESSEBSI (since 31 December 2014)
  • Head of government: Prime Minister Youssef CHAHED (since 27 August 2016)
  • Land mass: 155,360 km²
  • Sea and water: 8,250 km²
  • Currency: Tunisian dinars (TND)
  • Major cities: Tunis (2.291 million, 2018)
  • Languages: Arabic (official, one of the languages of commerce), French (commerce), other
  • Language note: Despite having no official status, French plays a major role in the country and is spoken by about two-thirds of the population
  • Time zone: UTC+1
  • Telephone code: +216
  • National holidays: Independence Day, 20 March (1956), Revolution and Youth Day, 14 January (2011)

GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION

  • Neighboring countries: Algeria at West; Libya at East, the Mediterranean Sea at North

POPULATION

  • Population: 11,516,189 (July 2018 est.)
  • Labor force: 4.054 million (2017 est.)
  • Ethnic groups: Arab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%
  • Religions: Muslim (official; Sunni) 99.1%, other (includes Christian, Jewish, Shia Muslim, and Baha’i) 1%
  • Population distribution: the overwhelming majority of the population is located in the northern half of the country; the south remains largely underpopulated
  • Population growth rate: 0.95% (2018 est.)
  • Urban population: 68.9% of total population (2018)

ECONOMY

  • GDP: $137.7 billion (2017 est.)
  • GDP per capital: $11,900 (2017 est.)
  • GDP growth: 2% (2017 est.)

FOREIGN TRADE

  • Total volume of exports: $13.82 billion (2017 est.)
  • Export partners: France 32.1%, Italy 17.3%, Germany 12.4% (2017)
  • Main export products: Clothing, semi-finished goods and textiles, agricultural products, mechanical goods, phosphates and chemicals, hydrocarbons, electrical equipment
  • Total volume of imports: $19.09 billion (2017 est.)
  • Import partners: Italy 15.8%, France 15.1%, China 9.2%, Germany 8.1%, Turkey 4.8%, Algeria 4.7%, Spain 4.5% (2017)
  • Main import products: Textiles, machinery and equipment, hydrocarbons, chemicals, foodstuffs

COMMUNICATION

  • Total telephone subscriptions (fixed lines): 1,113,168 (2017 est.)
  • Total mobile line subscriptions: 14,334,080 (2017 est.)
  • Internet country code: .tn
  • Total internet users: 5,665,242 (July 2016 est.)

TRANSPORTATION

  • Number of airports: 29
  • Number of registered air carriers: 3 (2015)
  • Pipelines: 68 km condensate, 3111 km gas, 1381 km oil, 453 km refined products (2013)
  • Total railways: 2,173 km (1,991 in use) (2014)
  • Major seaports: Bizerte, Gabes, Rades, Sfax, Skhira

GLOBAL PARTICIPATIONS

ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, AMU, AU, BSEC (observer), CAEU, CD, EBRD, FAO, G-11, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAS, MIGA, MONUSCO, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC, OIF, OPCW, OSCE (partner), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO